Den letzten Anstoß für meinen Reisewunsch Tatarstan gab dann ein Gespräch im Deutsch-Russischen Kulturinstitut in Dresden. Ein Besucher. Die Republik Tatarstan liegt im russischen Föderationskreis Wolga. Nördlich liegen die Republiken Tschuwaschien und Mari El, südwestlich sind die Oblaste. Tatarstan (offiziell Republik Tatarstan; tatarisch Татарстан Республикасы, russisch Республика Татарстан/ Respublika Tatarstan; deutsch auch Tatarien) ist.
Über TatarstanNach Tatarstan per Bahn. Täglich fahren mehr als 10 Züge über Tatarstan, davon 2 Züge auf der Strecke Moskau – Kasan. Die wichtigsten Eisenbahnlinien führen. Im eigenen Land versucht Moskau, solche Tendenzen aber im Keim zu ersticken, wie etwa in Tatarstan. Kazan. Symbol der ethnischen Vielfalt. Wo liegt Tatarstan? Tatarstan ist eine autonome Republik im Osten des europäischen Russlands. Ungefähr km entfernt von Moskau findest.
Tatarstan Navigacijski meni VideoKazan, Russia (Republic of Tatarstan)
Mit einer Tatarstan auf die Bildschirme ist Tatarstan Ende September oder Anfang Oktober zu rechnen, dem Usb 2.0 Geschwindigkeit Oliver. - NavigationsmenüTatarstan zeigt stabil hohe Ergebnisse bei den wichtigsten 10 Kennzahlen:. Republic of Tatarstan (Russian: Респу́блика Татарста́н rees-POOB-lee-kuh tuh-tuhr-STAHN) is a region (republic) in the Middle Volga, bordering Ulyanovsk Oblast to the southwest, Chuvashia to the west, Mari El to the northwest, Kirov Oblast to the north, Udmurtia to the northeast, Bashkortostan to the east, Orenburg Oblast to the southeast, and Samara Oblast to the south. Tatarstan::Everything is gone "OK, Red. Back it up. These 'Seraphs' you keep referencing—what were they?"::They were all things to me. Everything I required "That doesn't help. What were these Seraphs for? These files suggest that you built and stored planetary combat platforms for 'seven Seraphs.'. Tatarstan, also called Tatariya, republic in the east-central part of European Russia. The republic lies in the middle Volga River basin around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers. Kazan (q.v.) is the capital. A Guide to the Mosques of Tatarstan; Take a step back in time. Where to go and what to see in Sviyazhsk; Kazan Getaway. How to spend a successful weekend in Tatarstan’s capital; From the caves to the lake that never freezes. 8 places near Kazan worth seeing; The Must-See Spots of Tatarstan in 3 Days. Detentions accompanied an anti-government demonstration in Kazan, the capital of Russia's Republic of Tatarstan, on January The police violently pushed reporters away to stop them from filming.
Many churches and monasteries were built, and Russian peasants and craftsmen were resettled within Tatarstan. At the same time ethnic Tatars were removed from Kazan proper as well as regions close to rivers and roads.
Under pressure from the Russians many Tatars emigrated to the Upper Kama , Trans-Kama area, Bashkortostan , the Urals and Siberia during the 16th and 17th centuries.
The result was a decline in agriculture, industry and commerce throughout the region. The local population was forced to pay the yasaq tax.
Some part of the Tatar nobility were included in the nobility of the Russian Empire ; many underwent baptism to keep their privileges. In , the Khanate of Kazan was abolished and the province was placed under the control of a new Kazan Governorate.
It included Middle Volga and Western Urals. Kazan, with 20, citizens, was one of major trade and handicraft centers of Russia. Manufacturing developed and in the beginning of 19th century major hide, soap and candle factories appeared.
A class of Tatar merchants arose, who carried on brisk trade with Central Asia. Restrictions in occupation, heavy taxation, and discrimination against non-Christians blocked the cultural and economic development of the Tatars.
Several rebellions and peasants' wars broke out as a result. During the Time of Troubles , the Kazan khanate regained its independence with the aid of factions within the Russian army.
Cangali bek , a Tatar nobleman, led another revolution in Other peoples of the Idel-Ural region took part in these conflicts.
In , Muslims in Russia were granted greatly expanded rights. In Tatar noblemen morzalar had equal rights with Russian noblemen dvoryane.
Tatar soldiers took part in all Russian wars, sometimes in national units as was the case during the Napoleonic Wars.
After the reforms of the s in Imperial Russia economic conditions in Tatarstan improved markedly. Stolypin 's reforms led to accelerated economic development of the rural areas.
In the 19th century a large middle class developed among the Tatars. The Russian Revolution of awakened Tatar national consciousness and led to calls for equal rights, development of a distinct national culture and national self-consciousness as well as other freedoms.
The pan-Islamic Russian party Ittifaq al-Muslimin represented the growing nationalist camp within the State Duma. The first Tatar professional theatre , the Säyyär also emerged at this time.
Some Tatar military units took part in the Russian Civil War against the communists. Anti-communist Tatar revolutionaries declared the Idel-Ural State , but the Moscow Bolshevist government moved to prevent an independent Tatarstan on its flank.
The Muslim Council was arrested. In August , the White Czechs and KomUch forces reached Kazan, but retreated under the Red pressure.
In the Bolsheviks declared an autonomous Tatar-Bashkir Soviet Socialist Republic , but the region was at the time largely occupied by the White Army , the leader of whom, General Kolchak , did not support an independent Muslim republic.
The declaration, coupled with Kolchak's hostility, caused many Tatar and Bashkir troops to switch sides and fight for the Bolsheviks.
Ultimately, the victorious Communists subsumed Tatarstan within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic RSFSR , leading to large-scale emigration from the country, particularly among the upper class.
The Russian Civil War ended in Tatarstan with the suppression of the anti-communist peasant Pitchfork Uprising in March As a result of war communism policy the Famine in Tatarstan had begun and annihilated nearly half a million people.
On 27 May the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic TASSR of the RSFSR was declared. However, in the late s the Soviet government under Joseph Stalin began to place restrictions on the use of the Tatar language among many other minority languages in the Soviet Union.
The development of national culture declined significantly. The Tatar alphabet was switched twice to the Latin alphabet and then to Cyrillic.
From the s through the s, Tatar-language press, cultural institutions, theatres, national schools and institutes gradually disappeared, as education was required to be conducted in the Russian language.
The sovereignty of the Republic of Tatarstan shall consist in full possession of the State authority legislative, executive and judicial beyond the competence of the Russian Federation and powers of the Russian Federation in the sphere of shared competence of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tatarstan and shall be an inalienable qualitative status of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Tatarstan is one of the most economically developed regions of Russia. The republic is highly industrialized and ranks second to Samara Oblast in terms of industrial production per km 2.
The region's main source of wealth is oil. Tatarstan produces 32 million tonnes of crude oil per year and has estimated oil reserves of more than 1 billion tons.
The most developed manufacturing industries are petrochemical industry and machine building. The truck-maker KamAZ is the region's largest enterprise and employs about one-fifth of Tatarstan's workforce.
Tatarstan consists of three distinct industrial regions. The northwestern part is an old industrial region where engineering, chemical, and light industry dominate.
In the newly industrial northeast region with its core in the Naberezhnye Chelny — Nizhnekamsk agglomeration , major industries are automobile construction, the chemical industry, and power engineering.
The southeast region has oil production with engineering under development. The north, central, south, and southwest parts of the republic are rural regions.
Soils are very diverse, the best fertile soils covering one-third of the territory. Due to the high development of agriculture in Tatarstan it contributes 5.
The agricultural sector of the economy is represented mostly by large companies as "Ak Bars Holding" and "Krasniy Vostok Agro".
The republic has a highly developed transport network. The territory of Tatarstan is crossed by the main gas pipelines carrying natural gas from Urengoy and Yamburg to the west and the major oil pipelines supplying oil to various cities in the European part of Russia.
There are three UNESCO world heritage sites in Tatarstan- Kazan Kremlin , Bulgarian state Museum-reserve and assumption Cathedral and Monastery of the town-island of Sviyazhsk.
The annual growth rate of tourist flow to the republic is on average At the end of on the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan there were tour operators, of which 32 dealt in domestic tourism, 65 in domestic and inbound tourism, 1 in domestic and outbound tourism, and 6 in all three.
As of January 1, , collective accommodation facilities CSR operate in the Republic of Tatarstan, CSR are subject to classification in Kazan, in other municipalities of the Republic of Tatarstan.
In , special attention was paid to the development of tourist centers of the Republic of Tatarstan — Kazan, Bolghar , the town-island of Sviyazhsk , Yelabuga , Chistopol , Tetyushi.
The growth of tourist flow in the main tourist centers of the Republic compared to amounted to an average of Currently, sanatorium and resort recreation is developing rapidly in Tatarstan.
There are 46 sanatorium-resort institutions in the Republic of Tatarstan. The capacity of the objects of the sanatorium-resort complex of Tatarstan is beds, more than specialists are engaged in the service of residents.
In , more than thousand people rested in the health resorts of the Republic of Tatarstan. Since , the Republic of Tatarstan has been operating the Visit Tatarstan program — the official tourism brand of the Republic, the purpose of which is to inform tourists, monitor the reputation of the Republic, develop the tourism potential of the regions of Tatarstan, conduct market research, partner projects with local companies and international expansion.
Tatarstan: pleasure-the main message that tourists receive. The Visit Tatar website, where there is information about the main sights and recreation in Tatarstan, is available in 8 languages: Tatar, Russian, English, Chinese, German, Spanish, Finnish and Persian.
Major libraries include Kazan State University Nikolai Lobachevsky Scientific Library and the National Library of the Republic of Tatarstan.
In the past several years, new museums appeared throughout the Republic. There are twelve theatrical institutions in Tatarstan.
In , the Tatar singer, Guzel Ahmetova, cooperated with the German Eurodance group named Snap! Tatarstan has Rubin Kazan , a major European football team which has played in the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League.
Twice Russian champions, Rubin Kazan play in the Russian Premier League. Also, Tatarstan has Unics Kazan which has gained a significant role in European basketball, playing in Euroleague and EuroCup for decades.
It also has two KHL teams, the successful Ak Bars Kazan , which is based in the capital city of Kazan , and the Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk , who play in the city of Nizhnekamsk.
The state also has a Russian Major League team the second highest hockey league in Russia , Neftyanik Almetyevsk , who play in the city of Almetyevsk.
There are also two Minor Hockey League teams which serve as affiliates for the two KHL teams. A team also exists in the Russian Hockey League , the HC Chelny , which is based in the city of Naberezhnye Chelny.
Another team plays in the MHL-B the second level of junior ice hockey in Russia. Nail Yakupov is an ethnic Tatar who was drafted first overall in the NHL Entry Draft.
Former ATP No. Kazan hosted the XXVII Summer Universiade in Kazan also hosted the FINA World championship in aquatic sports in August The most important facilities of higher education include Kazan State University , Kazan State Medical University , Kazan State Technological University , World Information Distributed University, Kazan State Technical University , Kazan State Finance and Economics Institute and Russian Islamic University , all located in the capital Kazan.
Tatarstan takes a unique participatory approach to the development of public spaces that has earned it recognition. The Tatarstan Public Spaces Development Programme aims to create spaces for meeting or recreation.
One notable example is the "Beach" at Almetyevsk, which includes public swimming pools and a terrace. The Tatarstan Public Spaces Development Programme was announced as one of the six winners of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture.
Each public space expresses the unique identity of that particular place,  tying in its history while incorporating traditional materials.
Spending on the public spaces projects is helping the local economy. Media related to Tatarstan at Wikimedia Commons Tatarstan travel guide from Wikivoyage.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the republic in Russia. For the ship Tatarstan , see Gepard class frigate.
First-level administrative division of Russia. Republic in Volga, Russia. Coat of arms. Further information: Tatars and Tartary.
Main article: Administrative divisions of the Republic of Tatarstan. Main article: History of Tatarstan.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Part of a series on the. Further information: Turco-Mongols and Great Tartary.
Further information: Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Largest cities or towns in Tatarstan Russian Census. Main article: History of Jews in Udmurtia and Tatarstan.
Main article: Islam in Tatarstan. Religion in Tatarstan as of Sreda Arena Atlas   Russian Orthodoxy.
Main article: Culture of Tatarstan. President of the Russian Federation. Gosstandart of the Russian Federation.
Archived from the original on January 1, Retrieved December 31, Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, Retrieved January 23, June 3, Retrieved January 19, Kempton and Terry D.
Unity or Separation: Center-Periphery Relations in the Former Soviet Union. Praeger Publishers, , p. June 18, Archived from the original on June 18, Executive Committee of World Congress of Tatars.
December 23, Archived from the original on July 17, Administration of President of the Republic Tatarstan. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions.
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Alternative Titles: Tatar A. White tower of the kremlin in Kazan, Russia. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.
Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Tatars also inhabited the region south of Bashkiriya and northern Kazakhstan, but this was not acknowledged, and no autonomous republic was established.
Moscow played off the various nationalities to its…. For example, Tatarstan negotiated additional rights and privileges, and the republic of Chechnya declared independence in , before the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Russia , country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. Once the preeminent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics U.Detentions accompanied an anti-government Bombenfund Nordhausen in Kazan, the capital of Russia's Republic of Tatarstan, on January April 15, Manufacturing developed and in the beginning of 19th century major hide, soap and candle factories appeared.